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Varieties of Vampirism Revisited

Over the past years, there have been long debates about the varieties of vampires which exist or can be defined. Previously, many of these definitions included varieties of people who are not vampires but who believed they are, or described fictional types of vampires which were commonly known but did not belong to the real life community.

I have come to the conclusion that for a definition of what a vampire actually is, it makes no sense to describe the concepts which we do not understand to be vampires. Myths and misconceptions are an entire subject of their own. In order to define real, tangible, existing vampires, it makes sense to concentrate on the varieties that are commonly known and accepted within the community.

Ever since, the definitions have been clarified. We managed to establish certain criteria by which to distinguish commonly known subspecies. We have managed to define the Sanguinarians, the psi-vampires and hybrids. In addition, new varieties have surfaced which are being debated. We know of not yet exactly well-represented species like therianthrophes. Now, let’s take a look into the subject again.


Sanguinarians are the actual blood drinking vampires which a large part of the Vampire Community is made of. While we always struggle to make definitions even more precise in accordance with the results of our researches, this is the part of the community which creates the least amount of confusion.

Sanguinarians are human beings which feel a substantial need to consume blood. If deprived of this substance, we will start to suffer negative physical and psychological effects. We usually share a few traits that distinguish us from the average human being. There are primary traits, which are absolutely necessary to define a person as sanguinarian. Among these are:

1. Physical bloodlust
If there is one basic trait that is necessary to define a person as sanguinarian, it is the urge to drink blood which, when not catered, results in negative effects. Blood craving is an urge that affects the sanguinarian body. The effect of the urge breaking out has been nicknamed as “twoofing”. These reactions can be physically felt and observed.

2. Withdrawal symptoms
If the need to drink blood is not catered, Sanguinarians will suffer negative side effects. This may start with mild symptoms such as a physically felt thirst that cannot be quenched with any amount of common liquid, a dry throat. In a worst case scenario, Sanguinarians go through the physical pains comparable to withdrawal symptoms commonly known as “cold turkey”.

3. The Beast
The urge to drink blood may - in case of withdrawal - manifest in uncontrolled rages. Sanguinarians on withdrawal may in extreme cases go any length in order to satisfy the need for blood. I personally know of no case of “beast gone wild” that lead to the injury of innocent bystanders. However, I was witness of such uncontrolled beasty fits. Those rages may result in physical violence against objects and individuals.

There are also a number of secondary symptoms which may or may not manifest in Sanguinarians. Many of them are fairly common to everybody. However, in the past, seekers have made the mistake to mistake these secondary symptoms for indicators that they are vampires. Secondary symptoms are defined as effects that are known from other medical conditions which may also manifest in sanguinarians under specific circumstances. These circumstances are, however, related to the sanguinarian condition.

1. Increasing sensitivity to (sun)light:
Many sanguinarians are light sensitive by nature. In moderate cases, this may mean that they burn more easily in the sunlight than before their awakening, their eyes hurt when exposed to bright light, which must not be limited to sunlight but may include artificial UV and bright cold-coloured artificial lights (as in xenon spots etc.) Severe problems with light may go so far as to cause day blindness, migraines and severe sunburns even while only mildly exposed to sunlight. Many Sanguinarians report that their sensitivity varies with their blood consumption. Not all Sanguinarians report to be sun-sensitive.

2. Inverted circadian rhythm
Many Sanguinarians are nocturnal by nature. Science has finally made the advance to prove that genetics influence the circadian rhythm in human beings. Humans normally are genetically determined to be diurnal. However, when people have a prolonged or shortened circadian rhythm, they may tend to be extreme diurnal (shortened rhythm) or nocturnal (prolonged rhythm). There are skin tests which observe the healing cycle of the cells which are able to prove the correlation, but there are also a number of psychological tests that will do the trick. Ranges vary from moderate diurnality and nocturnality to extreme cases with completely inverse sleep cycles. Sanguinarians are pretty often extreme nocturnals. Like everybody who is off their usual schedule, sanguinarians will probably react to an inverted rhythm with sleeping disorders, weakness and jetlag.

3. Side-effects of withdrawal
Many symptoms reported from other conditions manifest in sanguinarian withdrawal. Migraines, weakness, a higher risk of illness and many others are among them. The reactions to blood thirst and withdrawal are highly individual and we only have the range of normal human negative reactions to chose from. Many but not all sanguinarians get migraines when running low. A person that is unable to develop the preconditions for migraines will not develop migraines when suffering from blood thirst. Just like a person that will never get fever will suddenly get fever when they have flu.

Tertiary symptoms may include specific traits that go beyond the human average but are not exclusively limited to sanguinarians. Among these are:

1. Increased abilities
Many but not all sanguinarians are more likely to develop abilities beyond the average. These may but need not include

  • physical abilities like a heightened perception of specific or all senses
  • psionic abilities like manipulating energy streams
  • psychic abilities like empathy

Sanguinarians share these abilities with Psi-Vampires. These abilities are natural to Psi-Vampires but don’t seem to be exclusively limited to them. It is uncertain as to when and why Sanguinarians develop these traits. They do not usually share them with normal human beings.

2. Therianthrophy
Some sanguinarians develop animalistic traits which manifest in their behaviour and appearance. These traits usually represent one specific animal to which the person feels a strong bond. They share this trait with therianthrophes. It is uncertain as to when and why sanguinarians develop these traits, but I will devote another articles to my own tentative conclusions about this phenomenon. They do not usually share them with normal human beings.

There are possibly more specific traits and symptoms that can be traced back to the sanguinarian condition itself. However, many of them are still debated or highly specific and not yet commonly observed. Time will show whether they can be included in the definition.


Psi-Vampires are besides Sanguinarians the most commonly known species of vampires. They are defined as feeling the same needs and urges as Sanguinarians, however, catering to it by drawing energy from their sources. This energy is commonly described as “chi”, “prana” or similar. In any case, it is the life energy of another creature.

Sanguinarians and Psi-Vampires share similar cravings and withdrawal effects. Their needs are perceived to be physically rooted. If Psi-Vampires cannot fulfil their needs, they equally start to grow weak and suffer negative side effects which can go so far as to cause severe physical illness or a complete physical breakdown.

Psi-Vampires develop psionic and psychic abilities by nature. It is their basic ability which enables them to access the energy streams of another human being in order to drain this energy for their nourishment. These abilities however go beyond the sheer need to suffice their needs. Experienced Psi-Vampires may develop various skills including energy healing heightened perception, aura reading, empathy, telepathy etc.


Hybrids are defined as a species with mixed traits and abilities. This may include psi-sang-hybrids as well as therianthrophic-vampire-hybrids. Psi-sang-hybrids are commonly defined as vampires who are equally able to consume blood and pranic energy for their nourishment. Therianthrophic-vampire-hybrids are usually defined as Therianthrophes who consume blood.

I have come to the conclusion that hybrids do not exist in the way that this description suggests. This is why I do not feature hybrids as a vampiric species in my description. Due to the complex nature of my reasons for this, I have devoted an article on the concept of the Hybrid Theory.

Varities of Vampirism Revisited
My current perpective on vampiric varieties

Vampirism and Chronotypes
How does the circadian rhythm affect us?

The “Hybrid Theory”
Or my reason not to support it

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